In his article The Evolution of Flowering Plants, the paleobotanist Daniel Axelrod makes the following comment on the origin of flowering plants: "The ancestral group that gave rise to angiosperms has not yet been identified in the fossil record, and no living angiosperm points to such an ancestral alliance." (D. I. Axelrod, "The Evolution of Flowering Plants," in Evolution After Darwin: Vol. 1: The Evolution of Life, ed. S. Tax, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1960, pp. 264-274) As you can see from his admission, fossil research over the last 150 years or so has failed to produce even a single fossil that can be construed as the ancestor of flowering plants. This refutes the Darwinist claim that plants descended from one another by undergoing very small changes over very lengthy periods of time. As the 50-million-year-old spurge leaf pictured here shows, plants have never changed despite the intervening tens of millions of years. In other words, they never evolved.